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Using 3D X-ray technology for the detection of illegal wildlife trafficking

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Utilisation de la technologie des rayons X 3D pour la détection du trafic illégal d'espèces sauvagesFrontiers in Conservation Science (2022). DOI: 10.3389/fcosc.2022.757950″ width=”800″ height=”438″/>

Example of segmentation using scanned CT images of wildlife for the development of algorithms to produce grayscale images. Colored 3D images are used for visualization purposes only; the image segmentations are calculated directly from the radiodensity values ​​reconstructed in gray levels. (A) Australian water dragon (Intellagama lesueurii) under a metal frying pan, (B) Barramundi fish (Lates calcarifer) in a simulated test bag scenario with metal toy car, sock and water bottle, (C) Rainbow lorikeet parrot (Trichoglossus moluccanus) next to a three liter water bottle. Credit: Frontiers of conservation science (2022). DOI: 10.3389/fcosc.2022.757950

An article entitled “Detecting illegal Wildlife traffic via real time tomography 3D X-ray Imaging and automatic algorithms” and published in Frontiers of conservation scienceis the first to document in the scientific literature the use of 3D X-ray CT technology for wildlife protection.

This research is the result of detection and conservation agencies; Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF), Department of Climate Change, Energy, Environment and Water (DCCEEW), Rapiscan Systems and Taronga Conservation Society Australia unite their forces to combat the smuggling of wildlife through travelers’ mail and luggage.

DAFF Biosafety and Compliance Group Assistant Secretary Chris Locke and DCCEEW Acting Assistant Secretary for Environmental Compliance Sam Hush said the article published in the Frontiers in Conservation Science Human-Wildlife Interactions Journal provided results reported for three classes of wildlife (i.e. lizards, birds, and fish) in 3D CT scan safety images.

“Illegal wildlife trafficking poses a significant biosecurity risk to Australia as it could introduce pests and diseases which could impact the environment, as well as human and animal health,” said Dr. Locke.

“This paper demonstrates the limitless potential of the 3D X-ray algorithm to help prevent the trafficking of exotic wildlife, protect Australia’s agricultural industries and unique natural environment from exotic pests and diseases.

“This innovative technology is an invaluable complementary platform to our existing biosecurity and wildlife detection tools at Australian international borders, with potential global applications in the future.”

Mr Hush said wildlife trafficking was also detrimental to Australia’s biodiversity.

“Taking animals from the wild poses conservation risks to the species, local people, habitats and ecosystems, and preventing wildlife trafficking to Australia protects our unique natural environment from pests and pests. exotic diseases,” Hush said.

“It’s also extremely cruel. Smuggled animals often suffer from stress, dehydration or starvation and many die in transit.

“We have worked with DAFF to test and validate 3D X-rays and wildlife algorithms which have both proven to be very effective and can help lead to a number of important detections.”


Influence of the United States on the Illegal Pet Trade in Australia


More information:
Vanessa Pirotta et al, Detection of illegal wildlife trafficking via real-time tomography, 3D X-ray imaging and automated algorithms, Frontiers of conservation science (2022). DOI: 10.3389/fcosc.2022.757950

Provided by the Australian Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry

Quote: Using 3D X-ray Technology for Detection of Illegal Wildlife Trafficking (2022, September 23) Retrieved September 23, 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-09-3d-x-ray -technology-illegal-wildlife.html

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